The debt because of all the money they

The
Treaty of Versailles was imposed on Germany by the Triple Entente, France,
Russia, and Great Britain, at the end of World War 1. France used the treaty to
get revenge and security, while Britain wanted imperial gains and Italy and
Japan wanted territorial gains. The treaty stated that Germany must:
limit its army to 100,000 men, give up its colonial
possessions, pay reparations to the winning state, accept full responsibility
for the war, and allow the Rhineland to be occupied for 15 years. Germany was also forced to sign the treaty in order
to remain a unified country. The United States wanted to gain world peace and
continued world trade from the treaty.1Due
to this, Woodrow Wilson backed out of the treaty and withdrew the United States
involvement. Wilson came to Versailles hoping that measures would be taken to
restore peace with Europe. However, once he read the treaty he soon learned
that the last thing that would be achieved was peace. He was appalled by the
enormous weight put on Germany’s shoulders, and even said, “the exactions of
this treaty are more than the German people can bear.” Wilson wanted an end to
come to all the alliances that had started World War One. He thought the Treaty
would achieve this, but in his opinion, it only increased the divide between
Germany and other European countries. 2Wilson
even offered a counter proposal stating that Germany offers to proceed with
their own disarmament in advance, in order to show that they will help to
reinforce the new era of the peace of justice. It also states that Germany
takes up her position unreservedly on the ground of the Wilson program, when it
comes to territorial concerns. There were many other requirements in the
counter proposal, all trying to re-establish order within Europe, while still keeping
peace and not putting all the blame on Germany. However, the Triple Entente did
not take Wilson’s suggestions into consideration, and changed nothing about the
treaty. This left all of the blame for World War One, economical
responsibility, and territorial changes on Germany’s shoulders.

            3Trade
was limited in the First World War, due to the fact that Germany could not
import or export industrial goods. Instead of raising taxes, the Kaiser
borrowed copious sums of money from selling war bonds to citizens. At the end
of the war, the country was in a large debt because of all the money they
borrowed in order to support the war. Therefore, when the Treaty of Versailles stated
that Germany pay 6.6 billion pounds in reparation, this was an impossible
amount. 4The
Treaty of Versailles included nothing about economic revival of Europe after
the war. There was nothing included to increase candor between European
empires, help stabilize the newly formed empires of Europe, or reclaim Russia.
However, Britain, France, Italy, and the US, didn’t seem to find an issue with
this, as they made no efforts to change it. Making amends was their primary
concern, and the way they saw best to fulfill this was by passing on the
economic responsibility. In the process, they were disregarding the economic
stability of European countries, specifically Germany. They were also playing
God when it came to the future economic wellbeing of these countries, as it was
now all in their hands. The weakened economic state of Germany caused the
country to go into a depression. With mass amounts of people living in Germany
and lack of jobs, it became very hard for people to feed themselves. A German
Economic Commission report even states, 5″We
do not know, and indeed we doubt whether the delegates of the allied and
associated powers realize the inevitable consequences that will take place if
Germany, an industrial state, very thickly populated, closely bound up with the
economic system of the world, and under the necessity of importing enormous quantities
of raw material and foodstuffs, suddenly finds herself pushed back to the phase
of her development that corresponds to her economic condition and the numbers
of her population as they were half a century ago. Those who sign this treaty
will sign the death sentence of many millions of German men, women and
children.” 6Immense guilt was placed on
Germany for the first war. This caused hostility between Germany and the other
European countries. The Treaty of Versailles weakened Germany in many ways. It
left them in an economic depression due to the severity of the reparations they
had to make. It also created deeper tension between Germany and the rest of
Europe. Seeing as they had just blamed Germany for World War One, the
environment was hostile. However, the treaty united the German people because
of their shared economic struggle and newfound lack of pride. Additionally, the
treaty had limited the German military. All these factors led to the lack of
control over Germany, considering many vital aspects (economy, military, etc.)
were being controlled by outside forces through the Treaty of Versailles.

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            7Prior
to the Great Depression in Germany, caused by the Treaty of Versailles, the
Nazi Party was a very small party. Exiting the first World War, the mood in
Germany was solemn. The economic depression had a strongly negative impact on
the country. Many connected the Depression and mood of Germany to their
national humiliation through the Treaty of Versailles. To make matters worse,
many Germans perceived the current government as weak and unable to fix the
current economic issues. All of these factors created the perfect environment
for the Nazi Party to grow, and Adolf Hitler to rise in power. Hitler was a
very skilled speaker. He knew how to tap into the anger felt among citizens,
and used that to attract the hopeless nation to him. He promised to restore the
economy, restore cultural values, reverse the effects of the Treaty of
Versailles, take away the Communist threat, put many citizens back to work, and
restore Germany’s spot as a world power. Considering what the country had just
been through, all of this was very attractive to German citizens. Hitler
garnered supporters by playing to the fear in all of them. Telling people that
the Jews were responsible for the country’s problems gave them an easy
solution. Hitler’s solution to the problems seemed to be the only way out for
many desperate people. However, Hitler knew his audience and tailored what he
was saying depending on who he was talking to. To citizens, he emphasized that
Jews were to blame, since he knew they were hopeless and yearned for an answer
to their problems. When speaking to businessmen, the Nazi Party’s anti-Semitic
views were lessened. Instead, anti-communist values were conveyed as their main
message. Nazi’ advertised the building up of the military and the return of
lost German territory when conversing with nationalist interest groups, such as
soldiers and veterans. Farmers were promised increased agricultural prices,
while pensioners were told their monthly checks amounts and buying power would
remain constant. Hitler’s persuasion techniques promised everyone exactly what
they wanted. The country was in search of a saving grace from all their
hardships, and Adolf Hitler seemed to have all the right answers. 8The
atmosphere in Germany was very impressionable, allowing Hitler to grow a
following and further advance his ideals. He brainwashed the public in their
vulnerable state to view Jews as the source of pain in the country. The feeling
Hitler created in people was very nationalistic. He emphasized that other
countries were to blame, which made people willing to go to war. All of this
can be traced back to the Treaty of Versailles though. Without the weakened
nation created by the treaty, Hitler would not have had fuel in order to evoke
such hatefulness and such passionate followers.

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