The argue, “The process represents ‘growth without equity’
The Power of Place EssayIn Harm De Blij’s book, The Power of Place, he describes how where you are from greatly impacts you as a person and how you will live your life. He says that there are three types of people in the world: globals, locals, and mobals. Globals are from the core countries like the United States that are more developed. Globals are concerned about the world as a whole and making the rules for locals and mobals alike. Locals and mobals are from periphery countries where there is less money. The locals tend to carry on the family traditions and live in the village that they were born in. Mobals are the people who look to find a better life in a core country, these people are usually immigrants. Harm De Blij is trying to get people to understand that one of the most important factors in how you live your life is where you are born and raised.The author truly believes that wherever you are born will continue to influence you for the rest of your life. Harm De Blij says, “Place, most emphatically place of birth but also the constricted space in which the majority of lives are lived, remains the most potent factor shaping the destinies of billions”. I agree with this quote because if you live in an area where many people own small businesses including your parents you will probably be persuaded to open a business of your own in the future. Likewise if you lived on a farm you might think it is a good idea to buy your own farm when you grow up. For most people it is easiest to stay where they grew up and continue doing what they know best. This quote made me realize that many people around the world are not up for major changes in their life like moving to another country or pursuing a field in which they have never learned about. It shows how quickly people will just accept the circumstances that they are in and not push to get an even better life somewhere else. In the chapter Power and the City Blij talks about globalization in poor countries and whether or not it is a good thing. Some critics argue, “The process represents ‘growth without equity’ and threatens a future of social unrest in many of the countries with fast-growing economies” (Blij 199). These critics are expressing how the money in these globalizing countries is being concentrated in a smaller percentage of the population. Later in this passage Blij talks about the Gini coefficient, which is a measure of the wealth concentration in countries. Before the 1970’s Brazil’s GC was relatively low (Below .41) and after the economy boom the country’s GC in 2007 was 0.57 which means when the economy boomed the wealth started becoming more concentrated among fewer people, and more people were left in poverty. This shows how an economy boom can help a few people, but leave many more people in poverty. I believe that when the GC of a country starts to grow the rich people should be forced to start to pay their employees more to help lower that number and bring people out of poverty. The rich would still be rich and the poor would get a little more money so they could live more comfortably. In the last chapter in The Power of Place there is a section that focuses on the corruption in periphery countries, mainly South Africa. “Media reports in South Africa in 2007 stated that Obiang’s son Teodorin had spent, in short order following his arrival, about eight million U.S. dollars on houses and automobiles in Cape Town” (Blij 240). This act went unnoticed by many of the poor that populate most of South Africa. This is a perfect example for why it takes so long for periphery countries to turn into core countries. That 8 million dollars could have been used to build many schools for children in Africa which would benefit the country for generations. It is incredibly sad that a person could take 8 million dollars that is for the government and for the people of a poor country and use it for himself. The corruption in South Africa is the main reason that it will take decades and maybe centuries for it to become a developed core country. Harm De Blij throughout his book talks about how where you are born influences greatly the rest of your life. This is true in which most human beings are hardwired to just stick to what they have been doing their whole life. Most people are afraid of change which is why there are periphery countries and countries who are globalizing too fast, or countries that face corruption. If there were more mobals in the world then we would see change must faster as people would move out of their failing country into a place where they can succeed. The locals are also needed because they are the ones who stay in those periphery countries and can make it better for their family and future generations. Globals are also much needed because they are the ones in the core countries that make those countries get even more rich. All in all whether you are a mobal, local, or a global those people contribute to society and will help make every country in the world a core country one day.