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Risk Assessment of Pakistani individual for Diabetes in a resource constraint society
Khalid Abdul Basit, Asher Fawwad, Musarrat Riaz, Bilal Tahir, Maria Khalid, Abdul Basit
Aim: Assessment of Pakistani individuals who are at risk of developing diabetes using a RAPID (risk assessment of Pakistani individuals for diabetes) score.
Methodology: This observational study was a sub-analysis of National Diabetes Survey of Pakistan (NDSP)conducted from 2016-2017 in all provinces of Pakistan. Ethical approval was obtained from National Bioethics Committee (NBC) Pakistan RAPID score, a validated and published scoring scale to assess risk of diabetes, originally developed from community-based surveys was used. The risk score is assessed by parameters namely; age, waist to hip ratio and positive family history of the disease. Subjects with score greater ? 4 is considered at risk of DM. Information regarding social-demography and anthropometric measures, were obtained by a designed questionnaire on one-to-one interview bases by survey officers. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.
Results: A total of 4905 individuals were assessed, of which (n=2205) were male and (n=2700) were female. Mean age of participants was 41.82 ± 14.19 years. Significant differences between males and females were observed in BMI (p