Rene time for raising a family. His mother

Rene
Descartes is known as one of the greatest philosophers. His theories about the existence
of God and how they relate to human beings were too much for the minds of his
times. Rene often debated the relation between the mind and the body, being
skeptical of himself.  He was one of the
of the primary representatives in the scientific revolution and has been
described as the role model of a genius. He didn’t accept the mandate of other
philosophers and refused to accept the transparency of his own feelings.

Rene
Descartes was born on March 31, 1596, in La Haye en Tourine, France. His
parents were Joachim Descartes (1563-1640) and Jeanne Brochard (1566-1597). His
father who was the son of doctor studied law and worked in the Parliament of
Brittany, which left little time for raising a family. His mother was the
daughter of a military figure. Rene Descartes was baptized as a

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Roman Catholic. Soon
after, his mother passed away during childbirth and he and his brother

and sister were sent
to live with his maternal grandmother. His father would later remarry; however,
Rene Descartes or his siblings would not live with him and his step mother Anne
Morin. Growing up Rene Descartes was an unhealthy child, suspected to have had
Tuberculosis. These illnesses are believed to have been inherited from Reneís
mother Jeanne.

 

 

From 1606 until 1614 Rene was educated
at the Jesuit College of La Flèche
in Anjou studying Philosophy, Mathematics, Grammar and Ethics. The Jesuit
philosophy curriculum included the study of Aristotle. Aristotle is one of the
most famous ancient Greek philosophers. The materials of study included logic,
morals, physics, and metaphysics. At 16, René Descartes successfully completed
his education. He then went on and studied at the University of Poitiers in
France, earning himself a law degree from Poitiers in 1616. It was a degree
that he took to comply with his father’s wish. But that is not the road he
wanted to follow. While in France, some say that there is little known about
his life and spent most of his time isolated. Possibly, he was suffering a
mental breakdown. In Amsterdam, he had a relationship with a servant girl,
Helena Jans van der Strom, with whom he had a daughter, Francine, who was born
in 1635 in Deventer. She died when she was only five years old in 1640. Her
death inspired him to create a conceptual like figure of her.  This for him portrayed the grief and sadness that
a parent suffers when their child has passed.

 

Rene
Descartes is known as the father of modern philosophy. He was the first major
individual in the philosophical party known as rationalism, a technique of
understanding the world based on the use of reason as the means to obtain
knowledge. Descartes is known for many published works. But the most known of all
his big accomplishments is his share to the world of philosophy. He helped
explain who we are, what we think and that we should think. He had several
views on philosophy and the human mind but one of his most known sayings is
“I think, therefore I am”. That saying is still considered to be one
of the most productive and well known quotes in philosophy.

 

‘Discourse
on the Method’ was an autobiographical and philosophical writing written by
Rene. The book is one of the best views on modern philosophy. He wrote about
natural sciences, how our understanding of natural sciences should impact who
we are and how we think, how we must evolve our knowledge relating to natural
sciences and therefore evolve as a species. The book is divided into six parts
analyzing to understand natural sciences, the rules that defined the method
used by the author, the maxims and morals accepted to be the basis of the
method, proof of soul and god, the understanding of physics, the human heart
and soul of all living objects. Again, this is where he introduces the famous
Latin saying “cogito ergo sum”, which translates to “I think
therefor I am”. This phrase was originally written in French. For me it
translates to, “I do exist when I am thinking”.

While in the Netherlands,
Rene Descartes published many essays after Galileo is condemned by
the Catholic Church in 1633. Rene then decides not to publish Treatise on
the World. These essays were written in three parts, La Géométrie,
Les Météores and La Dioptrique, they were written
as an appendix to his famous Discourse on the Method.

In
addition to his accomplishments as a philosopher, Rene Descartes, is often
referred to as the Father of Analytical Geometry, also called coordinate
geometry. Ideally this symbolizes the connection between Algebra and Geometry.
The relevance of analytic geometry is that it recognizes a similarity between
algebraic equations and geometric curves on graphs to find measurements and
other useful information about geometric figures.

In
1649, Queen Christina of Sweden, who was a longtime friend, convinced Rene
Descartes to go to Stockholm. On February 11, 1650, after only a few months in
that cold climate, he died of pneumonia. There are other theories that dispute
the cause of death. Some believe Rene Descartes may have been poisoned with
arsenic.

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