Poultry Integrated production, market transition from live birds

Poultry
is one of the fastest growing segments of the agricultural sector in India
today. While the production of agricultural crops has been rising at a rate
of 1.5 to 2 percent per annum, that of eggs and broilers has been rising at a
rate of 8 to 10 percent per annum. As a result, India is now the world’s
fifth largest egg producer and the eighteenth largest producer of broilers.
The Potential in the sector is due to a combination of factors – growth in
per capita income, a growing urban population and falling real poultry
prices. Poultry meat is the fastest growing component of global meat demand,
and India, the world’s second largest developing country, is experiencing
rapid growth in its poultry sector. In India, poultry sector growth is being
driven by rising incomes and a rapidly expanding middle class, together with
the emergence of vertically integrated poultry producers that have reduced
consumer prices by lowering production and marketing costs. Integrated
production, market transition from live birds to chilled and frozen products,
and policies that ensure supplies of competitively priced corn and soybeans
are keys to future poultry industry growth in India. There are number of
small poultry dressing plants in the country. These plants are producing
dressed chickens. In addition to these plants, there are five modern
integrated poultry processing plants producing dressed chicken, chicken cut
parts and other chicken products. These plants will manufacture egg powder
and frozen egg-yolk for export.

Areas
of Production:

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Over all, Tamil Nadu counts for maximum egg production. In
Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad is the city with maximum poultry and hatcheries.
Besides the state of Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam, Chittoor, Karnataka,
Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and North Eastern
States are the major egg contributors.

 
 

 

The
individual products under this sub-head are as below:

Live Poultry  185 Gram 
Other Live Poultry >185 Gram 
Edible Poultry Meat (Fresh) 
Edible Poultry Meat (Frozen) 
Other Poultry Meat Not Cut In Pieces 
Cuts & Offals Excluding Livers 
Eggs In Shell 
Other Eggs 
Egg Yolks Dried 
Other Egg Yolks 
Eggs Not In Shell (Dried/Cooked) 
Eggs Not In Shell (Frozen/Preserved

 

India Facts and Figures :

The country has exported 4,49,527.49 MT of Poultry
products to the world for the worth of Rs. 531.65 Crores/ 79.51 USD Millions
during the year 2016-17.

Major Export Destinations (2016-17) : Oman, Saudi
Arabia, Indonesia,Russia and Maldives.

 

India Export of Agro Food Products

Product Group Report/Country Wise

Value in Rs. Lacs
 

Product: Poultry Products

 

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

Country

Qty

Value

Qty

Value

Qty

Value

Oman

2,21,224.09

14,054.67

3,00,898.18

20,384.43

2,36,915.52

15,932.96

Maldives

76,413.26

3,638.45

1,09,548.54

5,289.90

1,11,837.18

4,890.95

Indonesia

1,655.98

4,163.88

1,397.02

4,539.48

1,437.01

4,528.45

Saudi Arabia

18,470.42

4,771.65

42,087.86

9,563.94

4,973.66

4,190.41

Russia

0.4

1.17

16.25

46.89

1,387.60

3,649.24

Bahrain

25,706.80

2,871.16

38,353.82

4,937.32

28,474.68

3,131.18

Vietnam Social Republic

2,852.39

2,682.76

768.98

2,120.00

1,633.20

2,732.32

Japan

1,718.12

5,624.96

2,539.66

8,018.33

629.81

1,899.31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Arab Emirates

1,334.85

1,453.49

1,522.51

1,652.28

3,716.36

1,728.29

Nigeria

628.36

390.28

132.04

487.87

408.5

1,436.89

Thailand

680

1,210.73

477.77

1,515.45

404.92

1,378.72

Germany

2,980.37

6,266.57

2,336.12

5,794.46

568

1,349.84

Afghanistan

77,137.28

2,665.61

51,085.20

1,601.41

26,832.96

1,008.73

Bhutan

721.75

847.02

690.05

800.94

794.94

961.21

Netherland

848.19

1,476.86

875

2,441.34

324.12

825.67

Taiwan

85

218.36

209.1

556.59

202

590.42

Iran

3,550.42

335.16

2,783.70

301.15

7,556.55

552.46

Philippines

114.97

370.88

131.45

495.97

129.68

401.17

Liberia

67,105.68

2,483.14

60,456.96

1,981.67

8,557.12

274.1

United Kingdom

0.24

4.23

3.8

1.52

90.02

227.12

Iraq

0

0

472.32

20.07

5,667.84

225.64

Sri Lanka

82.76

153.95

102.22

197.09

76.36

181.94

Comoros

3,165.38

153.71

3,290.80

149.6

3,506.58

153.56

Australia

31.28

229.67

49.84

306.48

17.27

101.8

Malaysia

459.33

283.42

69.58

65.75

127.97

101.5

Kuwait

24.19

73.13

1,086.87

210.3

302.12

101.4

Sweden

0

0

44.4

106.37

38

99.99

Kenya

14,302.03

581.83

12,927.83

579.41

1,088.15

87.02

Uganda

201.96

86.69

134.54

67.95

87.68

83.95

Myanmar

4,553.19

853.47

216.35

50.76

351.36

61.1

United States

1,889.81

90.29

200

44.49

10.1

52.73

Korea Republic

1

3.01

0.5

1.61

12.87

45.78

Nepal

525.15

427.28

65.53

147.92

54.08

22.86

Congo P Republic

0

0

0

0

472.32

16.32

Pakistan

3,135.92

118.41

472.47

18.54

2.58

6.7

Bangladesh

0

0

0

0

2.46

4.83

Jordan

0

0

0

0

0.67

1.41

Egypt Arab Republic

0.14

0.78

0.16

1.04

0.2

1.22

Senegal

944.64

31.78

33.6

15.5

0.5

1.22

Unspecified

235.71

54.46

0

0

31.5

1.19

Singapore

0.68

3.6

0.61

2.48

0.26

1.11

Denmark

1,350.01

3,878.72

594

1,593.81

0.02

0.78

South Africa

187.2

418.11

0

0

0.01

0.2

Italy

0.02

0.77

0

0

0.01

0.16

Spain

0

0

0

0

0

0.07

Albania

2

0.48

0

0

0

0

Belgium

0.01

0.56

0.1

0.45

0

0

Brunei

0

0

0

0

0

0

Canada

0

0.04

0

0

0

0

Cote D Ivoire

11.25

31.06

0

0

0

0

Croatia

0.01

0.67

0

0

0

0

Czech Republic

0

0.02

0

0

0

0

Dominic Republic

0

0

0.03

0.08

0

0

Equtl Guinea

47.36

25.8

0

0

0

0

Finland

0.08

3.56

0.09

2.29

0

0

France

0.05

0.67

0.02

0.17

0

0

Hong Kong

28.05

14.82

0

0

0

0

Lebanon

717.52

27.74

0

0

0

0

Malawi

14.76

9.95

267.28

21.55

0

0

Mali

672.32

13.65

42

1.64

0

0

New Caledonia

26.56

101.95

0

0

0

0

New Zealand

0.02

1.39

0

0

0

0

Norway

0.02

0.51

0.01

0.35

0

0

Poland

0.03

1.32

0.09

2.65

0

0

Rwanda

10.08

0.71

0

0

0

0

Samoa

0

0

472.32

17.53

0

0

Sierra Leone

19,281.20

662.63

18,420.48

561.77

0

0

Somalia

400

16.33

4,006.24

144.86

0

0

Sudan

65.52

13.84

19.88

8.13

0

0

Syria

22.5

88.84

0

0

0

0

Turkey

0

0.04

0

0

0

0

Venezuela

28

9.17

0

0

0

0

Yemen Republc

1,052.49

1,119.32

0

0

0

0

Total

5,56,698.80

65,119.18

6,59,304.17

76,871.58

4,48,724.74

53,043.92

Source: DGCIS Annual Export

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FDA REGULATIONS:

FDA’s Import Program FDA is responsible for enforcing the
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD Act) and other laws which are
designed to protect consumers’ health, safety, and pocketbook. These laws apply
equally to domestic and imported products. With the exception of most meat and
poultry, all food and cosmetics as defined in the FD&C Act, are subject to
examination by FDA when imported or offered for import into the United States.
Most meat and poultry products are regulated by the U.S. Department of
Agriculture . All color additives used in foods and cosmetics in the United
States must be approved by FDA; many cannot be used unless certified in FDA’s
own laboratories. Importing Food Products into the United States Under
provisions of the U.S. law contained in the U.S. Federal Food, Drug and
Cosmetic Act, importers of food products intended for introduction into U.S.
interstate commerce are responsible for ensuring that the products are safe,
sanitary, and labeled according to U.S. requirements. (All imported food is
considered to be interstate commerce.) FDA is not authorized under the law to
approve, certify, license, or otherwise sanction individual food importers,
products, labels, or shipments. Importers can import foods into the United
States without prior sanction by FDA, as long as the facilities that produce,
store, or otherwise handle the products are registered with FDA, and prior
notice of incoming shipments is provided to FDA. Imported food products are
subject to FDA inspection when offered for import at U.S. ports of entry. FDA
may detain shipments of products offered for import if the shipments are found
not to be in compliance with U.S. requirements. Both imported and
domestically-produced foods must meet the same legal requirements in the United
States. For an overview of the U.S. Import Program, please visit the links
provided below.
http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/ImportsExports/Importing/default.htm
Procedures and Requirements for Importing Food Products In addition to meeting
the requirements of U.S. food regulations including food facility registration,
importers must follow U.S. import procedures as well as the requirements of
Prior Notice.  Import Program·  Prior Notice of Imported Foods·  Chapter 5 – Food, Colors, and Cosmetics·  Imports·
& Exports Guidance Documents & Regulatory Information Importing Food
Gifts for Personal Use  Sending Gifts to
Your Friends and Family: Prior Notice Policy·  Importing Gift Packs and Prior Notice·  Sending Food through International Mail –
Selected Excerpts from the Prior Notice·
Interim Final Rule, Guidance Documents, and Fact Sheets Importing Seafood  The Imported Seafood Safety Program· All FDA-regulated
products imported into the United States are required to meet the same laws and
regulations as domestic goods. Imported foods must be pure, wholesome, safe to
eat and produced under sanitary conditions; drugs and devices must be safe and
effective; cosmetics must be safe for their intended use and properly labeled;
radiation-emitting devices must meet established standards; tobacco products
must meet U.S. requirements, and all products must contain informative and
truthful labeling in English. FDA-regulated products are subject to inspection
when offered for import into the United States. Products may be refused entry
if they appear, from examination or otherwise, to violate FDA requirements.
Some products are subject to certification and/or testing requirements due to a
past history of violations; these are identified in import alerts and in
certain international cooperative arrangements.
http://www.fda.gov/InternationalPrograms/ImportsExportsInspections/default.htm
For More Information:  Federal Food,
Drug, and Cosmetic Act, Chapter VIII: Imports and Exports·  Information for Cosmetics Importers·  Importing Food Products into the United
States·  Importing Animal Feed· 
Importing Veterinary Drugs·  Human Drugs: Imports and Exports Compliance·  CDER Small Business and Industry Assistance:
Import and Export of Human Drugs and·
Biologics  Importing CBER-Regulated
Products into the United States·  Importing Medical Devices Into the United
States·  Importing Tobacco Products·  Import Alerts by Country/Area·  Memoranda of Understanding and Other
Cooperative Arrangements·
Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA)
http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-111publ353/pdf/PLAW-111publ353.pdf Importing
Regulations and Policies (from the website of The US Department of Agriculture)
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=IMPORTING_GOODS While
foreign regulatory systems need not be identical to the U.S. system, they must
employ equivalent sanitary and health measures that provide the same level of
protection achieved domestically for imported goods.  Meat, Poultry, and Egg Products Import
Regulations and Procedures·  Plant and Animal Import Regulations and
Procedures·  Agricultural Permits/ePermits·  Live Animals, Animal Semen, Animal Embryos
Import Regulations·  Harmonized Tariff Schedule·  International Phytosanitary Standards
Sanitary or Phytosanitary (SPS )·
Import Programs USDA offers import programs to help American agricultural
producers compete against the world market. 
Sugar Import Program·  Dairy Import Licensing Program·  Fruit and Vegetable International Programs·  Livestock and Seed International Programs·
================================================================= Tariff
Information by product http://www.usitc.gov/tata/hts/bychapter/index.htm
__________________________________________________________________________
Chambers of Commerce https://www.uschamber.com/
http://www.town-usa.com/chambers/chamberlist.html#connecticut
_____________________________________________________________________________
Research and Reports Import and Trade Research USDA provides comprehensive
import, trade data, and forecasting research and reports. Users can utilize the
numerous databases to search by product or country.  Production, Supply, and Distribution (PSD)
Database·  Global Agricultural Trade System (GATS) –
Also find previous·
Bulk, Intermediate, and Consumer-Oriented (BICO) Statistics  Trade Data·  Foreign Agricultural Trade of the United
States (FATUS)·
Database  Special Outlook Reports·  Trade Policy·  Trade Policy Reports· 
Trade News, Trends, and Agreements·  Trade Policy Information by Country·  International Attaché Reports (GAIN)·  Commodity Outlook Reports·  National Center for Import and Export of
Animals·  Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements
(FAVIR) Database· USDA
Agricultural Projections to 2024, released in February 2015, provides long run
projections for the farm sector for the next 10 years. These annual projections
cover agricultural commodities, agricultural trade, and aggregate indicators of
the sector, such as farm income.

Foreign Country Eligibility ?
Document Analysis—Evaluation of the country’s laws, regulations, and other
written information ?

 Eligible foreign
countries are published in the Code of Federal Regulations

 ? 9 CFR 327.2 for meat

? 9 CFR 381.196 for poultry

? 9 CFR 590.910 for egg products

Foreign Country Eligibility ?
Equivalent foreign countries’ inspection systems certify individual exporting
establishments ?

 Nearly 1,000 foreign
establishments were certified to export to the United States in FY 2006

? 661 establishments actually
exported in FY 2006

 

Meat, poultry, and egg products imported into the United
States must first meet all animal health requirements applied by APHIS and then
all public health requirements applied by FSIS

Automated Import Information System ?

 Import inspection
personnel enter shipment data into the AIIS ?
Centralized computer database that generates inspection assignments and stores
inspection results ? Links all ports of entry ? Tracks results from each country ?
Tracks results from each establishment Automated Import Information System ? System confirms eligibility of country under both public
health (FSIS) and animal health (APHIS) regulations ?
Applies random assignments for in-depth inspection tasks to be performed prior
to release into commerce ? Has the ability to increase/decrease
inspection of products by foreign country or foreign establishment

 

FSIS Import Reinspection All shipments are reinspected for: ? Proper certification documentation ?
Transportation damage ? Proper labeling ? General condition ? Box count

Types of Inspection assigned by AIIS ?
Organoleptic examination for product defects ?
Laboratory analyses ? Microbiological contamination ? Chemical residues ? Food
chemistry ? Species identification ? Condition of Container ?
Net Weight

 

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