Many every couple will experience many challenges that

Many
researchers have been study about quality of life on parents with autism. Although
emerging research can be interpreted to suggest that caregivers of children
with autism may be at risk for diminished Quality of Life (QOL), less is known
about the experiences and QOL for caregivers of children with social support.  Social support can be one of a main factor in
psychological well-being among caregivers of chil­dren with Autism. Caregivers
of children with Autism are exposed to daily demands that may negatively affect
their well-being and QOL. At present, however, research is lacking into the
significant between social supports with QOL of parents with Autism. Social
support can be one of the significant indicators of life quality and overall
functioning. As discussed in almost all research study related to Autism
children, raising them up may source more stress and strain since parenting
them requires more of the couple’s time and effort besides facing up very
challenging environment.

 

Based
on study, mothers of chil­dren with Autism spend at least 6 hours per day or 43
hours per week in caregiving. Increased hours of caregiving and experi­encing
time pressure during those caregiving hours have been associated with higher parental
distress (Rizk S., Pizur-Barnekow
K.,  & Darragh A.R, 2011; Fletcher P.C, 2012). Compare to father, mothers were more likely seek out for family
social support during times of crisis, and that they believed tend to perceived
significant more social support from their friends and family. The high level
of social support reported by mothers in study conducted by Matthew J. Altiere
& Silvia von Kluge, 2008, conclude that mothers of children with autism experience
less somatic problems and depressive symptoms when perceive more social support.
Differs from mother, fathers is reported to perceived less social support. Unsupportive
and not understanding of their struggles in raising a child with autism amongst
their friends cause some of them felt that they have lost friends and social
support. Some of these fathers believe that they lost friends because they were
unable to spend significant time with their friends (Altiere M.J. & Kluge
S.V., 2009) 

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Compromising
one’s own occupational satisfaction to meet the needs of the Autism child could
contribute to feel­ings of isolation, depression, dissatisfaction in daily
living, and stress for both partners. Frequently, every couple will experience
many challenges that can expose their relationships in a danger. They usually
feel difficult to find an adequate time for both their children and their
partners. According to Risdal D., & Singer G. H. S., 2004 they suggest that

 

 

parents with
disabled child have higher risk of divorce at least between 3 – 6% compare to
parent with typical development child.  Brobst
J.B., Clopton J.R. & Hendrick S.S, 2009 did conduct a study to examine how
parenting children with special needs influences couples’ relationships. They
compare results between couples with Autism children and couples with typical
development child reported couples with Autism children to have less relationship
satisfaction and less social support than couples whose children do not have
developmental disorders. Higgins D.J., Bailey S.R & Pearce J.C.,  2005 reported couples of Autism may experience
low overall marital happiness rating in their present study and it was consistent
with the findings of Rodrigue J.R., Morgan S.B. & Geffken G., 1990 who also
found that mothers of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder reported having low
levels of marital satisfaction. Most of parent with Autism time was spent in
helping their child, therefore, they had less time to socialize with their
friends, to extended family, caregiving to the other children, and even to
spent time with their spouse and this was an upsetting reality for them. (Altiere
M.J. & Kluge S.V., 2009).

 

Rizk S., Pizur-Barnekow K.,  & Darragh A.R, 2011
determine lack of resources and misunderstanding
of the child’s diagnosis and their family’s situation lead mothers
of children with disabilities to feelings of isolation. Estes A. et al
(2009) reported higher mean levels of parenting stress and psychological
distress amongst mother with Autism rather than mothers of children with
Developmental Delay. Researcher find that the main factors contributed to
higher in parenting stress and psychological distress in mothers were the
autism children behavior itself. The extra burden of day-to-day work involved
in caring for their needs decreased daily living skills is may be the main factors
contributed to the psychological distress. More studies suggest that mothers,
but not fathers, who are caregivers of school-age children with Autism or High
Functioning Autism are at increased risk of impaired physical well-being mostly
caused by the symptoms of hyperactivity and conduct problems in the child (Allik
H., Larsson1JO & Smedje H., 2006; Foody C., 2013; Fletcher P.C., 2012). In
her 244 pages of dissertation, Foody C., 2013 found that there was no
significant difference in levels of parenting responsibility between the two
groups (father and mother) and both groups have equally spent same much time in
engaging with their Autism children. Mothers whether or not the child has a
disability are the primary caregivers in many families. This gender difference
in parental involvement may result of mother suffering more psychological
distress compare to father. Similar results were
shown by the research carried out by Johnson N. et al (2011)  which reported that the stress of caregiving
was associated with female may be related to the physical work of caregiving
because they are often the main caregiver. Researchers
have shown that the nature of Autism requires extra caregiving demands from the
parents that results in higher levels of parenting stress. Researcher suggest
that

 

 

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