Kiersten incorporate when utilizing Adlerian Therapy. I would

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kiersten Mann

New York Institute of Technology

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Foundations – Keystone

 

 

                                                          
Adlerian Therapy
Key concepts
            The Adlerian
Therapy approach is a goal oriented approach that strives for success and an
overall positive mental health. Utilizing this therapy approach as a school
counselor with students would be effective on working on future goals and
working on overcoming barriers that the student may be facing. The Adlerian Therapy
combines different strategies which consists of understanding different attitudes
and techniques. The Adlerian theory works on people who choose to work on decision
making to enhance their life. (Terry, Valerie, 1993) The Adlerian therapy is a
type of treatment that can be applied with different kind of approaches such as
an evidence-based approach. By using the Adlerian therapy school counselors can
begin working on a more problem-solving approach to help students to reach their
goals.

Goals

The most important goal of the Adlerian Therapy is letting
the student know they have support within the community and in the school,
along with ensuring the student focuses on the positive aspects of their life
and not the negative. By working with students on the supports they have this
will help to build confidence. It is also an important goal of the Adlerian
therapy to continue to redirect the student away from negatives and work on the
positive so that the student can become more goal-oriented. The overall goal of
this therapy is to make the student accountable so they are able to work on
present and future goals along with helping them to become motivated.      

Techniques

            There are many different
counseling techniques you can incorporate when utilizing Adlerian Therapy. I
would want to first incorporate ensuring that the student feels that coming to
me as a professional school counselor is a safe environment. By doing this I
would like to work on building a rapport with the student. I would then work on
engaging the student and working on talking about things they are good at such
as sports, academics, activities etc. By doing this this will help the student
to remain positive. I would then like to work on helping the student to build
insight on what they have to work on and encouraging the student to take what
they are good at and build upon that motivation to work on a goal they want to
reach.                          

 

Reality Therapy

Key
Concepts

Reality Therapy was developed by William Glasser (1965).

Reality Therapy is a counseling method that can be applied in the schools which
works on attaining higher levels of academics, personal and social development
along with career development. By utilizing this theory, it helps students to
take more control and work on being effective in the areas they may need help with.

(Mason, Dye, 2017) By working on this reality therapy this will help the student
to work on the basic needs to help the student to control their lives.

Goals

As a school counselor working on reality therapy the main
goal is focusing on the students’ present behaviors. My main goal as a school
counselor would be to focus on the students’ behaviors and helping the students
to gain responsibility for their actions. Working on a more realistic behavior
would be my main priority. As a professional school counselor working on the
basic needs of the student will help to achieve higher standards in all areas
such as socially, emotionally and academically.

Techniques

            As
a school counselor, I will assist students with their behaviors while helping
the students build some kind of structure. I feel as if structure if where the
counseling session should be started because I feel to begin change you most
have a solid foundation when it comes to structure. I will also work on a
positive approach while working with the student on gaining responsibility and
control of their actions or behaviors.

           

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Key
concepts

            Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is
a type of therapy in which you work on improving the students’ mood and
functioning. CBT works on cognitive and behavioral conceptualizations and
different interventions. Cognitive Behavioral therapy works to help improve a
range of different issues such as anxiety, mood disorders, relationship
conflicts and substance abuse issues. (Iarussi, Tyler, Crawford & Crawford,
2016) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy focuses on what you may put into something
is what you will get out of it, such as a more positive result.

 

Goals

            The most important goal of
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is to help the student to become “self-aware” of
what is going on in their life along with any behaviors or symptoms that may be
occurring in their life. Another goal of this therapy approach is to help the
student work on reducing nay symptoms that may be occurring by working on
coping skills. Also, having the student work on self-control is important to
work on reducing behaviors.

Techniques

            As a school counselor working on
cognitive behavioral therapy approach there are a few counseling skills and techniques
I would utilize to help the student. I would work on social skills with the
student by helping to build positive rapports with people in their life. I
would also work on how they can model a positive behavior. Having a positive
behavior and mind-set should help the student to remain positive and reduce any
behaviors they may be having in school. I will also work on having them do
relaxation exercise along with mediation exercises.

 

Person Centered Therapy

Key
concepts

            Person Centered Therapy was
developed by Carl Rogers. Carl Rogers wanted to move away from the
counselor/therapist being the expert and having the session be more
client/person-based. This approach works on the student or clients’ ability to
make the right choices for themselves and putting the session in the hands of
the person to help them to become more accountable.

Goals

            The goal of this approach is to
work on having the student focus on their full ability which would be more
person-based and having them become more accountable by making their own
choices and changes.

Techniques

             As a school counselor, I would utilize a few
different techniques to work on a person-centered approach. I would first work
on my empathy skill by showing the client empathy and good listening skills so
they know they can continue to come to me as a school counselor and have a safe
environment to come to. I would also utilize positive-regard and being genuine.

 

Solution Focused Brief Therapy

Key
concepts

            Solution-focused counseling is
becoming an approach for school counselors because of the effectiveness the
approach has with the students in the short amount of time they meet with them
during the individual session. (LaFountain, Garner, 1996) The key concept of
this therapy approach is to work on each students’ difficulties and work on
applying a solution to the problem by helping the student to have some
emotional relief and a desire to make change at some point in the session is
the main concept of this approach.

Goals

            Solution focused therapies main
goal is to help the student to realize that the difficulty they may be going
through does not consume their whole life and you will be able to work on a
solution. (LaFountain, Garner, 1996) Solution Focused therapy focuses on
current and future behavior while helping the student to find an exception.

 

Techniques

            A technique I would utilize is
the scaling technique. By utilizing the scaling technique this helps the
counselor to work on a concrete goal with the student by scaling how they are
feeling along with where they want to be on a scale from 1-10. This technique
is for both the counselor and student to work on a solution. By working on this
technique this works to see how cofnident the student is to make a change and
to work on a goal setting.

 

Narrative Therapy

Key
concepts

Narrative therapy can be made up of many different themes
which people may refer to as understanding students’ identities, ways of
understanding the problems a student may be facing along with how the student
may talk to certain people in their life. This approach for school counselors
when utilizing narrative therapy approach is seeking to be respectful and is a
non-blaming approach. (What is Narrative Therapy?, 2017)

 

Goals

           

Techniques

 

 

 

 

 

Part B

Solution-Focused
Therapy

I feel as if Solution focused brief therapy will work best
for me as a professional school counselor in certain situations. By utilizing
this type of therapy approach it will help me to work on students current and
future behaviors and emotions. By utilizing solution focused therapy this will
help students in the short amount of time within the individual session. I am
choosing this specific therapy approach because I feel working on this with
students is a successful approach that works on conducting change through
student responses. There are a few different approaches you can utilize when
using solution focused therapy. Solution focused Therapy focuses on addressing
what the student or client wants to achieve, while also focusing on the present
and future to help overcome any barriers, emotions or challenges they may be
facing.

A personal problem that I have experienced was grieving the
loss of my dad. Addressing this problem, I would utilize solution focused
therapy to help assist with grieving the loss of a parent along with the emotion
of feeling sad. When I lost my Dad, I went through many different feelings and
emotions such as denial, anger, and sadness. The current emotion I would like
to focus on the feeling of sadness. This problem occurs when doing something
that reminds me of my Dad along with the upcoming holidays that are
approaching. The holiday times can be difficult and cause more sadness when
thinking of my dad and him not being here to celebrate these holidays with him.

My goals as a professional school counselor to address this
problem would be to work on the solution and how to improve the emotions that
are occurring such as sadness. By working

I am choosing this theory because I feel as if working on
grieving and sadness can be scaled and worked on by using solution focused
therapy. An approach that is taken by counselors when utilizing solution
focused therapy is scaling an emotion from 1-10, 1 being the best and 10 the
worst. I would ask myself where I am at in this scale with the emotion of
feeling sad. I would scale myself at a 6. I would then ask myself why was this
number chosen, along with how might I move down in the scale to make myself
feel better. This gives students an opportunity to express how they are feeling
along with how they can make themselves feel better.  

My goals for counseling to address this problem would be to
work in the solution

 

 

Person-Centered
Therapy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

 

Mason, C. P.,
& Dye, L. (2017). ATTENDING to BASIC NEEDS: IMPLEMENTING REALITY THERAPY IN
SCHOOL COUNSELING PROGRAMS to ENHANCE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT and CAREER
DECISION-MAKING SKILLS. International Journal Of Choice Theory &
Reality Therapy, 37(1), 46-55.

Kottman, T.,
& Johnson, V. (1993). Adlerian play therapy: A tool for school
counselors. Elementary School Guidance & Counseling, 28(1),
42.

LaFountain, R.

M., & Garner, N. E. (1996). Solution-focused counseling groups: A key for
school counselors. School Counselor, 43(4), 256.

Iarussi, M. M.,
Tyler, J. M., Crawford, S. H., & Crawford, C. V. (2016). Counselor Training
in Two   Evidence-Based Practices:
Motivational Interviewing and Cognitive Behavior Therapy. Journal Of
Counselor Preparation & Supervision, 8(3), 20-43.

doi:10.7729/83.1113

What is Narrative
Therapy? (n.d.). Retrieved December 14, 2017, from    https://dulwichcentre.com.au/what-is-narrative-therapy/

 

 

 

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