Introduction in the world. With education playing such

Introduction

 

When the United States government first began instating Native
American control plans, specific educational programs were inaugurated on
Native American reservations. Past educational programs provided by the U.S
government, have laid the foundation for today’s poor learning opportunities.
Research has shown that Native American students have the lowest high-school
graduation rate out of any other ethnic group.1 The high levels of poverty
experienced by Native Americans on reservations tend to interfere with
educational success. The physical and social effects of living in poverty have
an inimical effect on a student’s cognitive learning.2 Due to the shortcoming of
education funding by the federal government Native American students are not
provided with the proper educational tools. The Johnson O’Malley program
created in 1934 with the mission to finance the basic educational needs of Native
American students, disperse money based on the number of tribal members in
public schools.3
Congress has failed to take the necessary steps in surveying the population
since 1994 despite the number of students growing 4% each year.4 With that being said, the
amount of money funded in 1944 must cover far more students than before. The
concern of educational funding must be brought to attention due to the number
of poorly educated students. Native American students are put at a far more
disadvantage when it comes to real world situations and embarking on jobs.
Knowledge is power and has a immense effect on a person’s future in the world.
With education playing such a powerful role, steps should be taken in order to
supplement education programs on Native American reservations.

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Government            

 

Education opportunities were included in treaties signed by Native
Americans and the United States from the very beginning. However, the
U.S government has defectively attempted to provide federal funding for
education on Native American reservations. In 1926, a investigation of Indian
affairs by the Committee of One Hundred caused the Meriam Report to be
published.5  The Meriam Report
published in 1928 documented the functional problems of residential schools as
well as poverty and health.6 The report prompted for a
change in curriculums, facilities, and teachers. Complications in education
began to be brought to attention until later setbacks began to occur. During
the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Congress passed the Indian Recognition
Act of 1934.7
This act aimed to increase the amount of Native American self-government and
control.8 With Native Americans
being granted this independence the United State government began to be put at
a disconnect with Native Americans. The United States has failed to fund them
with the sufficient amount of money for education systems. As stated in the
introduction, the amount of money given in 1944 provided by the Johnson
O’Malley program does not suffice for the number of students being educated
today on reservations. Thus, forcing tribal schools to stretch money which in
return causes for lack of textbooks, ill educated teacher, and other
educational tools.   

Native American Students

    Underfunding for
education on Native American reservations has taken a toll on young students.
Today studies show that Native American students have the worst achievement
scores and the lowest graduation rate than any other ethnic group. For example,
Native American students’ ACT scores are more than 100 points lower than the
average students.9
While other ethnic groups scores tend to linger around the same point, Native
American students’ scores have declined.10 In the 2014 school year,
64% of Native American students graduated compared to the national average of
80%.11 Many Native American
students on reservations tend to dropout due to their educational needs not
being met while in school. The circumstances of Native American students have a
negative effect on them causing students to lose motivation when it comes to
school. With reservations being surrounded by poverty, young kids don’t have a
healthy outlet consume them. The proper educational tools are not supplied to
students which in return causes them to fall behind and not learn the proper material.
With students dropping out and being undereducated it makes it harder for them
to get jobs in order to support themselves. The cycle of poverty then continues
on reservations.

The Proposal

In order for Native American students to be properly educated, the
United States government must take steps to improve funding. The proper amount
of money should go to Native American schools based on the number of students
enrolled on reservations. Increased funding will go to toward experienced
teachers, educational tools, and finer facilities. With increase funding
students will have a much better education and have the opportunity to
challenge themselves. Motivational programs such as mentoring should be
emplaced in order to encourage students to be successful in school. Mentoring
programs should be offered in order to promote young students to be productive
and responsible both in and out of the classroom. These programs will give
youth positive outlooks which may decrease dropout rates on reservations. Programs
as such may inspire kids to help in their community to better their
reservations.  

Exceptions

    When considering
government funding you must take in account the demurring suggestions. When
presenting the solution, the first thing that comes to mind is where will the
government find the money to fund Native American studies. The U.S government
is already in debt more than $20.1 trillion and may not be able to give that
money out.12
Funding for Native American education was included from the beginning when
Native Americans were welcomed on U.S soil. The United States simply failed to
hold up their end of the bargain. It may also be suggested that being that
tribes are self-governed they should fund themselves, but it all goes back to
the treaties. The U.S agreed to these conditions from the beginning, so they
have to start upholding their word.  

Conclusion

The underfunding of Native American students should be brought to
attention immediately and solved. Native American students are ill educated and
forgotten which is completely unacceptable. They are being left behind while we
all turn a blind eye to their circumstances. It will, however, take the money,
involvement, and effort of the United States government to change their
circumstances. More money towards qualified teachers, educational tools, and
better facilities will encourage better performance from students and challenge
them. Mentoring programs also should be offered to motivate students and lead
them in the right direction. With the positive guidance from someone students
will better themselves. If the solution is implemented, we will surely see a
positive change in performance levels academically as well as their community
from Native American youth.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography

 

Klein, Rebecca.
“The Education System Is Failing Native American Students. Here’s
Proof.” The Huffington Post. July 18, 2014. Accessed January 07, 2018. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/07/18/native-american-education_n_5593253.html.

 

 “How Does Poverty Affect Education? | LSU
Online.” Louisiana State University Online. April 10, 2017. Accessed
January 07, 2018. https://lsuonline.lsu.edu/articles/education/how-does-poverty-affect-education.aspx.

 

Clarren, Rebecca.
“How America Is Failing Native American Students.” The Nation. August
14, 2017. Accessed January 07, 2018. https://www.thenation.com/article/left-behind/.

 

21803, 10, 390, 11341,
and 27537. “The Sobering History of Native American Education in the 19th
Century.” The Edvocate. September 02, 2016. Accessed January 07, 2018.
rhttp://www.theedadvocate.org/sobering-history-native-american-education-19th-century/

 

Camera, Lauren.
“Native American Students Left Behind.” U.S. News & World Report.
November 6, 2015. Accessed January 07, 2018. https://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2015/11/06/native-american-students-left-behind.

 

 

 

Amadeo, Kimberly. “How Much Does the U.S. Owe
China?” The Balance. December 27, 2017. Accessed January 07, 2018.
https://www.thebalance.com/u-s-debt-to-china-how-much-does-it-own-3306355.

1 Klein, Rebecca. “The Education System Is Failing Native American
Students. Here’s Proof.” The Huffington Post. July 18, 2014. Accessed
January 07, 2018.
https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/07/18/native-american-education_n_5593253.html.

2 “How Does Poverty Affect Education? | LSU Online.” Louisiana
State University Online. April 10, 2017. Accessed January 07, 2018.
https://lsuonline.lsu.edu/articles/education/how-does-poverty-affect-education.aspx.

3Clarren, Rebecca. “How America Is Failing Native American
Students.” The Nation. August 14, 2017. Accessed January 07, 2018.
https://www.thenation.com/article/left-behind/.

4Ibid.

5 21803, 10, 390, 11341, and 27537. “The Sobering History of Native
American Education in the 19th Century.” The Edvocate. September 02, 2016.
Accessed January 07, 2018.

The Sobering History of Native American Education in the 19th Century

6 Ibid.

7
Ibid.

8
Ibid.

9 Klein, Rebecca. “The Education System Is Failing Native American
Students. Here’s Proof.” The Huffington Post. July 18, 2014. Accessed
January 07, 2018.
https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/07/18/native-american-education_n_5593253.html.

10Ibid.

11 Camera, Lauren. “Native American Students Left Behind.” U.S.
News & World Report. November 6, 2015. Accessed January 07, 2018.
https://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2015/11/06/native-american-students-left-behind.

12 Amadeo, Kimberly. “How Much Does the U.S. Owe China?” The
Balance. December 27, 2017. Accessed January 07, 2018.
https://www.thebalance.com/u-s-debt-to-china-how-much-does-it-own-3306355.

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