In Himid. Both practitioners are very different, but

In modern society the
interpretation of the term monumental are objects that are great in size and
very emphasised, nonetheless in the language of art the content of monumental is
a piece of art which is not only great in size, acquiring the qualities of
being larger than life but having great significance to historically meaning.

The culture of art has always been to portray history and
uncover the clandestine historical meaning to society but also bearing the
characteristics and interests of the artist so they can be socially identified
by viewers. Likewise, many contemporary artists establish their art work on
factors such as; culture, slavery, race, racism, gender etc. The two art practitioners
that best illustrate the theme of monumental and will be looked at in this
essay are Kara Walker and Lubaina Himid. Both practitioners are very different,
but within their style and genre of art, both based their artistically
production on the history of coloured people.

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(Ref from quote- http://www.azquotes.com/quote/803267)Walker
quoted ‘I think really the whole problem with racism
and its continuing legacy in this country is that we simply love it. Who would
we be without the struggle?’ Through scrutinizing this quote, it could be
concluded that Walkers concept on slavery and racism built people of colour; it
manufactured who they are today.  Walker
then put her beliefs and historical knowledge into the language of art, creating
a sculpture called the “Sugar Subtlety” along with fifteen sculptures of little boys called the
“Banana Boys.” The factual
idea of the Sugar Subtlety is not just to educate viewers on the obscure meaning
of slavery but to encourage the public to review elements that are so visible
in society which many people wish were almost forbidden to speak about. These bodies
have influenced the public to make these factors invisible such as; immigration,
migration, and the mythologizing of black women’s bodies. The Sugar Subtlety is
not just ambitious in its term of content; the use of public art creates a
space to engage in theses difficult conversations.  There are a variety of different historical
factors that make up the Subtlety, however all these factors primarily link to
slavery and ancient Egyptian history although there are a few components linked
to problems in society. 

Sugar Subtlety is an elaborate sort of marzipan or sugar
sculpture made of sugar paste which is a type of fondant. Furthermore, in the
history of the mid evil times at the court of King Henry when kings and queens
would throw large banquets, they would have a main course and the guests would then
eat the sugar sculpture. Digesting this sweet desirable substance could have
been seen as symbolic to these people as they were almost ingesting the power
of the king. The reasoning as to why sugar was so momentous in sight of Walker
was because it all correlated to slavery as slaves were sold for sugar and
sugar for slaves.  Many African slaves
were moved from Africa to the West Indies to labour on sugar plantations during
the 17th and 18th centuries. Having this industry and the
slave trade made many British ports and merchants that were in involved
remarkably wealthy. British sugar consumption was 4 pounds per person, due to
the popularity of sugar to sweeten luxury drinks such as tea and coffee. This
grew dramatically to 18 pounds per person. The logic to why sugar was such a
desirable substance in Britain was because before the slave plantains sugar was
only for the rich. In 1750 sugar was the most valuable commodity in European
trade, it made up a fifth of all European imports. The slave traders believed
that the most adequate method of growing sugar was on large plantations with
many workers, this became the main plantation system in the Caribbean.
Conditions on the plantations were extremely harsh therefore the life expectancy   of slaves
was only three years. Due to a lack of labour in the Caribbean, a vast amount
of Africans were then imported into the Caribbean including children, women and
the elderly.

Going back to Walkers quote the word ‘struggle’ and  ‘wouldn’t be who we are’  correspond to both the sugar plantations as
well as monumental and the idea of use of sugar for her subtlety. Walker has
gone beyond these words, Walker symbolizes that only the strongest of slaves
survived through the struggle they endured. This links to the term monumental
in the language of art as she goes in depth with history. This evidence is
proven in her work of art the sugar subtlety 
as not only does she use history to 
get her views to understand the logic behind her work, however she also uses
history in her speeches so views can get a better intellectual understanding of
the theory behind her art work through listen and visualising her sculptures.  

The domino sugar factory took on an extremely ambitious
task, principally taking on a large part of the work. These unpaid and over
worked artisans took our sweet taste of sugar and materialist it for the use of
Walkers project, in addition to this the domino factory used 330 foam blocks
which was carved to perfection by Digital Atelier and a group of sculptors. Once
the body of the subtlety was in place it was then camouflaged with 35 tons of
white sugar, as a result the circumference of subtlety was 35 foot tall, 75
foot long and 40 feet wide the exhibit consists; a women wearing a kerchief of
a Mothers character, a coloured southern African American women whose duties
were to look after white children the monumental naked women had black African
features; nose that were quite wide and lips that were full she was perched and
had a large body. The life size sculpture was very mythical bearing African and
Egyptian features. The reasoning to why I state Egyptian is because the
subtlety is like the carvings leading up to an Egyptian hallway. ‘Egyptian’ and
‘Slaves’ if we dig deeper and go in depth within history we’ll come to a
conclusion that the Egyptians were the ones who invented slavery as they would
force labour for royalty resources this forms a relationship with the slave
trade and African American history .

It took 9weeks to create this monumental project, 210
volunteers and 32 crew members,
at the Domino Sugar Factory,
one of New York City’s architectural icons, dominates the waterfront of Williamsburg, Brooklyn(1-33 S 1st St, Brooklyn NY 11249). The
environment walker chose is very symbolic as it blends in with the subject
matter because the spaces that hosts Walkers sculpture were covered in history
the walls were the Domino factory was one of the largest sugar refinery in the
world since the year 1882, it was even used to store raw sugar cane as it
arrived from the Caribbean plantations for refinement and packaging.

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