Definition we know, critical success factors can be
of the product layout in operation management is an option design for the arrangement
of resources that ensure the redundant assembly of highly institutionalized products.
Moreover, if manufacturing operation used product layout, the production work
is work in a smooth line by divided layout in a straight line with labor and
equipment (Business Dictionary, 2017).
focus of the manufacturing industry is to produce large quantities of goods at
cost-effective levels. The industry has undergone changes in production
techniques from the traditional; “push” method to new production techniques
that promote agility and adaptability while supporting efficient and lean
production, even in constrained environments.
As we know,
critical success factors can be seen through quality management practices,
human resources management, information technology, product and process
technology, Just-In-Time, management support, employee commitment and
implementation of a manufacturing strategy also (Frank H. Maier, 1998). Critical
success factors of product layout in manufacturing can be categorized product
availability, cost, quality, delivery and flexibility and the product can be
divided by product availability, product grouping and product flow.
In Tesco, product availability is important
because customer will easily access the product if the shelves stocked and
quickly replenished. However, large stocks in stores are costly and in store
‘warehousing’ must inevitably be at the expense of selling space.
With a large of products being produced
then a point will be reached where distinct categories of products with similar
requirements become evident. This will focused on cellular manufacturing layout
of the manufacturing facility. A cellular layout gives a good compromise
between cost and flexibility for relatively high-variety operations
The flow of products determines the success
of the layout and these general objectives of flow are relevant to all
operations and the systems which govern them. The flow of materials and
information should be channeled by the layout so as to be appropriate for the
objectives of the layout. By utilizing a ‘U’ or serpentine arrangement of
product flow within the cellular layout in Quick Response Manufacturing, the
movement will be kept to a minimum and this will enable staff to help each
other during the production process. It will also help to increase motivation,
which as discussed before is critical for success, but also changes the culture
and structure of the organization.
Organizational Structure and Culture
To create a structure where the first level
worker is given the most focus. Supervisors and managers are support the
operators but it is the operator but it is the operator who is expected to make
the decisions and take responsibility for their output.