Asthma Anderson, H., Atkinson, R., Fuller, G., Mills,

Asthma
is a chronic disease that affects the airways in the lungs. It is common in
childhood and globally accounts for approximately 7 % of disability life-years
among those 5 to 14 years old. (Favarato, G., Anderson, H., Atkinson, R.,
Fuller, G., Mills, I., & Walton, H., 2014). According to the Center for
Disease and Control, asthma costs the United States $56 billion each year. The
average yearly cost of care for a child with asthma was $1,039 in 2009. (CDC.) Approximately
9 people die from asthma each day, and in 2009, 3,388 people died from asthma.
(CDC.)  In the last decade, the
proportion of people with asthma in the United States grew by nearly 15%. (CDC.)
Because of the severity of this respiratory disease, a lot of research has been
conducted in order to analyze the factors in which increases the risk of an
asthma attack. Some of these factors include allergens (like pollen, mold,
animal dander, and dust mites), exercise, occupational hazards, tobacco smoke,
air pollution, and airway infections. (CDC.)

 

Introduction

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One
of the most common respiratory diseases, asthma affects the lives of approximately
18.4 million adults in the United States. (CDC.) The Healthy People 2020
objective is to reduce asthma deaths, hospitalizations, emergency department
visits, activity limitations and the proportion of people with asthma who miss
days of work or school. (Healthy People.) In turn, they aim to increase the
proportion of those suffering from asthma who receive formal patient education and
appropriate asthma care, and increase the number of states, territories, and
the District of Columbia with a comprehensive asthma surveillance system. (Healthy
People.)

According
to the data from Healthy People 2020, in 2007, there were 3.4, 11, and 43.3 asthma
deaths per million adults and children under age 35, adults aged 35 to 64, and adults
aged 65 and over respectively. There were also 41.4, 11.1, and 25.3 hospitalizations
in 2007 for asthma per 10,000 children under 5, children and adults aged 5 to 64,
and adults aged 65 and over respectively. (Healthy People.)

The
target is to slightly reduce and increase these numbers by the year 2020. With
extensive research done on the topic of asthma, a common source of data comes
from areas most affected by air pollution. According to the World Health
Organization, the risk of diseases such as stroke, heart disease, lung cancer,
and chronic and acute respiratory diseases such as asthma, increases when urban
air quality declines. (WHO.) This could mean that those most at risk for these diseases
are those who live in urban areas. The research in this paper aims to analyze the
causes and symptoms of asthma, and the paper aims to use this research to analyze
asthma in the inner cities and test whether or not the quality of living in the
inner cities contribute to more or less controlled asthma. 

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